ABOUT SERERE DISTRICT
Serere District is a district in Eastern Uganda. It's named after its 'chief town', Serere, where the district headquarters are located.
Serere District is bordered by Soroti District to the north, Ngora District to the east, Pallisa District, Kaliro District and Buyende District to the south. Kaberamaido District lies to the west of Serere District. The district headquarters at Serere are located approximately 35 kilometers (22 mi), by road, south of Soroti, the largest town in the sub-region. This location is approximately 205 kilometers (127 mi), by road, northeast of Kampala, the capital of Uganda and the largest city in that country. The coordinates of the district are:01 30N, 33 33E.
The population density is 150.6 persons per sq Km which is generally higher than the National average of 124 person per sq Km. It is the third most densely populated among the Teso sub region districts after Pallisa (328) and Kumi (160). Source: 2002-final census results
80% of this population is rural and 51% of these are women, a situation that reflects basically agricultural nature of districts economy. The data reveals a high dependency ratio as 56% of the population is children of whom the greater proportion (46.5%) are under 5 years of age.
Demographically, the figures also indicate that women and children form 75% of the population - This definitely means that strategies should be developed to target the needs of the population when it comes to planning and support as well as implementation of designed programmes of whatsoever nature.
Serere District has also experienced large immigration and emigration rates from the neighbouring Katakwi, Amuria, Kaberamaido due to the insurgency experienced from 1987 – 1991. The LRA (Lord’s Resistents Army) in 2003 – 2005 and also the recent floods in 2007. The Karamoja nomad also cross into the wetter parts of Serere in search of water and pasture (normally from November to March). This is the reason for the high cost of living in Serere.
The district is composed of three major tribes of Itesots, Kumams and Bukenye as well as other Bantu tribes of Baganda, Bagishu, Basoga.
Catholism is the largest religion affiliation followed by the Anglican, Moslems and Seventh Day Adventists. A significant number of these people (1.83%) of the population does not profess any religion. Agriculture is the major source of livelihood and accounts for 76% income, followed by earned income from employment about 16.7%, property income 0.5% and other sources 6.9%
The Serere – Soroti roads are highway linking Serere to the south western parts of East Uganda into Lira- Gulu and into the Democratic Republic of Congo States (The DRC) and into the main Sudan as well as the Government of the Southern Sudan.
The dwelling housing units are mainly grass thatched roofs comprising of 83.7% with wall made of mud and poles. Floor made rammed earth which is typical in the rural Serere parts. Only 7-8% live in permanent dwellings, and 3.4% in semi permanent structure and a small proportion in temporary roofed housing.
Energy and Minerals
Fuel wood is the commonly used energy source 99% of the district population depends on it either directly or indirectly. There is also a considerable use of agricultural crop residue. Others like electricity, Petroleum, Paraffin, Solar and Biogas are negligible. There is need for rural electrification programmes in all the sub counties of the district, given the fact that only 2 out of 8 sub counties have access to electricity at their trading centres. The Serere people should as well be sensitized on the effect of deforestation to fight desertation.